Our objective is to explore the risk and security issues arising from the potentially pernicious use of big data, analytics and social media to undermine the current framework of international rules-based systems, e.g. 'false news', 'false facts'. Fake news, .integrity of information and integrity of media sources can undermine evidence based decision making and therebye destroy confidence in the organs of government. Ultimately this may threaten political stability and cause civil unrest. This can be utilised to drive political advantage often of hostile foreign and/or state actors – which ultimately results in the rule of law being compromised for their own ends. Clearly we cannot limit the free dissemination of opinions and ideas. Rather what we would seek to do is to enable a differentiation to be made between unsubstantiated claims and evidence based assertions together with the assertions' provenance. The spread of populist propaganda with little basis in fact and reality can take hold and lead to radicalisation which is an opportunity for individuals with a desire to hold that political power to fill the vacuum.